What is Calcium?
The mineral calcium is known as a guarantee for healthy teeth and strong bones. In fact, a look at the structure of the teeth and bones shows that about 99 percent of the calcium occurring in the body is distributed in the dentition and the bones, with the major part accounting for 90 percent of the bone structure. It is interesting to note that calcium alone is only a small one, the mineral needs an “ally” and that is phosphate.
A look at the biological processes
Calcium is bound to phosphate. To illustrate the quantity: in the human body are on average about one kilo of calcium and about 0.7 kilophosphate. In the case of the dog, the quantitative occurrence depends on the body weight and the breed. The combination of the two substances produces a co-operation which, on the other hand, is dependent on one another, must on the other hand be subject to a sophisticated regulation. Calcium and phosphate give the bone stability as so-called “hydroxyapatite crystals”, at the same time they serve as a storage location. The two substances are mainly regulated by three hormones: parathormone, calcitriol and calcitonin.
For teeth, bones, nerves and the muscles
It does not meet the mineral calcium, it is “only” reduced to the tooth and bone health. The substance is always needed when muscles or nerves are activated when cells divide or renew and when it comes to metabolism. Although calcium is an integral part of the organism, its intake through the food is ensured. This results in the fact that the body can absorb the mineral matter at all via other substances. For this he needs a sufficient concentration of vitamin D3 and vitamin K2. These two substances are so-called carriers and regulators. They spend the calcium where it is needed (vitamin D3) and provide the regulation (vitamin K2).
Calcium in food – not everything comes on
Depending on the quality of the feed, age of the dog and general condition, between 5 and 50 per cent of the calcium taken up with the food can be utilized by the organism in the intestine. In addition, an increased phytate content can hinder the uptake in the intestine – for this reason, particularly dogs who receive a cereal-containing feed have an increased demand for calcium.
A “too little” of calcium is indicated by weight loss, tooth loss, joint problems, lameness, muscle breakdown or slowed growth in young dogs.
If the dog is given too much calcium, the organism reacts with possible kidney problems, poor feed utilization, digestive disorders or a thyroid function.
The right calcium dosage
Per kilogram of body weight between 80 and 100 mg of calcium is calculated to avoid calcium deficiency. Pregnant and nursing as well as older dogs have an increased calcium requirement, as well as puppies and young dogs.
The adequate supply is important
The supply of calcium is a central component of dog health. Especially when there is an increased demand, the calcium level should not be lost from the eyes in order to avoid pathological changes to the skeleton or tooth structure.
In addition to other important substances, the optimal amount of calcium is included in out product DOG FIT by PreThis® CARE senior. In addition, the mineral is based on a fully usable form so that not only the older dog benefits from the substance 100%. For healthy teeth, strong bones and an all-round healthy dog, so that the concentrated health can show on four paws.