The most common diseases in dogs affect the joints, vertebrae, teeth and nervous system
The dog, descended from the wolf, is basically a very robust animal. Unfortunately, over the years, humans have contributed to the fact that many dogs nowadays suffer from a wide variety of diseases through over-breeding and a no longer appropriate attitude and diet. Diseases that rarely or even never occurred in the past. Joint diseases are at the top of the list.
Dogs can suffer from various joint diseases at a young age as well as at the beginning of the aging process due to a wide variety of factors. Joint problems that occur in old age, like us humans, are mostly due to natural wear and tear. The natural wear and tear of the joints, especially the cartilage, can be prevented even at a young age.
It is not uncommon for many dog owners to notice joint diseases only at an advanced stage, when the dog shows abnormalities in its movement sequence, its gait. Sometimes it can already happen at this point that the dog’s joints are already showing significant damage – now it is important to get active quickly!
The most well-known diseases at a glance:
The Arthritis is a very common joint disease in dogs. This is expressed by a painful and rarely chronic inflammation of the joints. The Arthritis is often the result of a shift of the joint cartilage triggered because of the different loads by the movements of the dogs which are not cushioned can exert an influence on the joints. The frictions arising in turn ignition flock to the joints with enormous pain can go hand in hand and the dog in its natural agility is considerably limited. Sometimes you can also have a weakened immune system for arthritis (with)responsible , especially if the inflammation in the joints were triggered by certain pathogens. For more information see: Arthritis in dogs
In Osteoarthritis is a major joint wear, which in turn from the unprotected exposure effects through a worn out cartilage and a lack of synovial fluid can arise. Assign a cartilage a considerable long-term wear and it can therefore load the various influences which are not optimal damping and buffers, so is it places the affected joint to an irreparable wear, a so-called bone abrasion sets. From the joint wear are usually lasting pain as well as significant reinforcements and sooner or later these syndromes for a dog to a serious restriction of its quality of life. From osteoarthritis is rarely a chronic arthritis. For further information see: Osteoarthritis in Dogs
As hip dysplasia (HD) is a non-rare congenital or even at an advanced age only occurring because of incorrect position of the hip in dogs. The hip dysplasia is a typical characteristic for the breed of racing dogs. The incorrect position of the thigh of the dog usually occurs in combination with a joint wear with the HD not infrequently the actuator can be. The symptoms of hip dysplasia are mostly in a distinctive image gear and a weakness in the rear run to watch. In an advanced stage, the misalignment of the hip triggers massive pain. For more information see: Hip Dysplasia in dogs
Under a Patella Luxation we understand a false position of the knee in dogs or even a sudden jump out of the knee from their guide. As the cause of the Patella Luxation can be very different factors into account, this is very often a congenital malformation of the knee. But it can also be a non-sufficient amount of synovial fluid or a worn articular cartilage can trigger a Patella Luxation. The kneecap remains in the lock position, this can lead to further damage to the knee and enormous pain through joint inflammation and wear and tear. Over Breeding are considered to be one of the triggers for a Patella Luxation. For more information see: Patellaluxation in dogs
The vertebral bodies
Spondylosis (also called spinal column wear) is a collective term for degenerative changes in the vertebral bodies. The medical term spondylosis is used to denote a degenerative disease of the skeletal structure of the dog, which in the dog is a regression of the intervertebral bodies, the cartilage, the ligaments in the spinal column and, later, the vertebrae themselves. At an advanced stage, spondylosis can damage the nerve pathways within the vertebral bodies, provided that the vertebral bodies are damaged as a result of the cartilage decline. In turn, numerous nervous problems such as paralysis, incontinence, tremors (tremors) and reduced vision can occur.
The nervous system
Incontinence (urine or feces) can hide bladder or muscle weakness, castration, but also a herniated disc or an incipient or already acute spondylosis (spondylosis deformans). In addition, the aging process is accompanied by a decline in the function of the nerve cells. In many cases, injured or weakened nerve tracts, regardless of the associated previous illness, are jointly responsible for incontinence.
The death of the spinal cord tract, which is responsible for transmitting signals between the brain and the nerves of the limb, is known as degenerative myelopathy. It occurs predominantly in large dogs. The hind limbs are affected first, dogs begin to sway in the gait pattern, lose the rear muscular strength, sink more and more in the hind legs and can finally be completely paralyzed. In the course of this, the forelegs, respiratory and throat muscles can also be impaired. In order to regenerate the damaged nerve cells as much as possible, the administration of a highly concentrated vitamin B complex is recommended.
Dogs can also develop cognitive dysfunction, also known as dementia. It mostly affects older dogs, just like us humans. The decline in cognitive abilities affects memory, learning, comprehension and attention. The behavior of the dog changed as a result and leads to a handling of the dog that is very adapted to the disease. Unfortunately there is no cure for dementia, but progress can be slowed down with a highly concentrated vitamin B complex.